11 Best Mobile App Testing Automation Frameworks

Choosing a testing framework that will aid a software company’s development and quality assurance teams in quickly creating and running automated tests is a crucial decision.

Over the years, organizations have developed various frameworks, and picking one might be difficult.

Popular Frameworks for Automated Mobile Testing

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Appium is among the popular automation testing frameworks for mobile app testing. It evolved from Selenium, intending to bring the benefits of automated testing to mobile applications.

Benefits and Limitations

Appium is built on a JSON wire protocol like Selenium, making the transfer from Selenium relatively easy for QA and development specialists. Its additional features make it possible to run tests on both iOS and Android, and it can examine native, mobile web, and hybrid apps. You can write Appium tests in any language; users don’t need to download any additional software to run them on their mobile devices. Appium users may count on steady support from the project’s robust community whenever they encounter problems.

Limitations To Remember

Users new to Appium will need to learn a new scripting language and the principles to effectively interrogate your application before they can reap the rewards of automated testing. Furthermore, users need to comprehend the principles of native apps/ selectors and be aware of the Appium architecture to get the most of Appium’s power for native app testing.


For testing iOS apps, most developers turn to XCUITest, the testing framework included with Apple’s XCode development environment.

Benefits and Limitations

You can run all kinds of tests with XCUITest, even on macOS. It gives developers access to various tools they will need to run unit tests on iOS applications. As a result of the framework’s design, tests run more quickly on iOS devices, with fewer failed tests and more consistent outcomes. By consolidating the app’s source and test code into a single location, XCUITest streamlines the testing process for development teams. Compared to other frameworks like Appium, XCUITest is more user-friendly, straightforward, and manageable.

Limitations To Remember

Since XCUITest is essential for testing iOS applications, you can use it only with certain languages. This environment is solely for Objective-C and Swift applications, which generally only function on iOS. Despite XCUITest’s widespread adoption among iOS developers, who appreciate its ability to evaluate their code’s quality quickly, QA teams increasingly prefer an alternative, cross-platform testing framework. Compared to Appium, whose functionality extends beyond testing applications, XCUITest’s scope is limited to just the software.


Espresso, the built-in testing framework in Android Studio, is optimized for evaluating the functionality of Android apps.

Benefits and Limitations

Espresso, like XCUITest, is well-liked by programmers because it is simple to set up, more reliable than Appium, and allows developers to test code components swiftly. Espresso expedites the running of tests by ensuring that UI elements are always in sync. Because it eliminates the need for a server, it helps developers receive quick feedback. This framework’s ease of use and simplicity is further enhanced by the fact that test suites for Android UI apps can be compiled into a separate APK and run in parallel with the actual app.

Limitations To Remember

Espresso shares the same rigidity as XCUITest. You can write your tests only in Java or Kotlin because those are the only languages Espresso supports. Furthermore,  Espresso is only suitable for testing Android apps; if your team is creating an app for Android and iOS, it will need to find an alternative framework to ensure the program runs well on all platforms.

In addition to these three widely used frameworks, the market also offers tools such as:


Detox is a free, open-source test framework for React Native apps written in JavaScript. It’s compatible with multiple platforms, can run JavaScript-based tests, and performs admirably in simulators and emulations. Developers built Detox with gray box testing in mind; its in-app monitoring features are renowned for reducing test flakiness.


Google’s EarlGrey is a free framework for automating the iOS user interface. Since it only works with iOS, you must write any tests you want to run in Objective-C or Swift. EarlGrey’s built-in synchronization enhancements, ease of use, and seamless iOS connection are just a few ways it improves test reliability.

To Conclude

With more people using smartphones and spending more time on them, ensuring they have a positive app experience is more important than ever. The correct testing framework is essential for teams to succeed in this endeavor.

The popular automation testing tools are Appium, Calabash, and Selendroid. All the while, development teams should keep standards in mind and collaborate closely with testing groups to create programs that are simple to verify. Teams will be able to launch their apps more quickly and provide a more stable experience with Ai-based testing insights for their end consumers as a result of all of this.


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